Breaking Bad Blanket

By Aryanna Horan Art and Art History majors with Studio Art concentration, Psychology minor Artist Statement: In Breaking Bad, the main character’s couch has a blanket on it, and it is visible in several episodes. I came across the pattern online and decided to crochet it. Now it is laying on my couch at home,…

British Abolition Movements and Romanticism

By: Liz Hay ’22 Economics and Humanities majors, Public Health minor Brief Description: This paper focuses on the connections between British Romanticism and abolition, particularly regarding how each movement influenced the characteristics and trajectory of the other. The paper analyzes specific Romantic representations of slavery and their relevance to the abolition movement. The argument concludes…

Virginia Woolf’s Unrecognized Female Shakespeare: Margaret Cavendish

By: Megan Loock ’22 English major, Journalism Publishing and Editing minor Brief Description: This research paper is an extension of a presentation on philosopher and scientist Margaret Cavendish, her play Convent of Pleasure, and the play’s muti-disciplinary outreach. This paper dives deeper into the University College of Ripon and York St. John’s 1995 performance—the only…

Writers Together Essay: Sappho and Jahan Khatun

By: Emma Russell ’23 English and Theatre majors, Journalism Publishing and Editing minor Brief Description: This piece is about the similarities between the Greek poet Sappho and the Injuid poet Jahan Khatun’s work. Sappho is famous for being regarded as a lesbian due to how she writes her poetry. Jahan Khatun writes similarly to Sappho,…

Inversion of the Serpent and a Queer Reading of Coleridge

By: Vee Sharp ’24 English and Art Majors with Art History concentration and Creative Writing minor Brief Description: Animals hold a very specific weight as symbols, a weight that shifts and changes depending on what culture one looks at them from. Living in a culture very much influenced by Christian symbolism, we tend to associate…

Hearty Harvests for Healthy Communities: A Look at Urban Agriculture and Community Gardening in America

By: Analiese Bush ’22 Environmental Studies major Brief Description: An overview of community gardens, food insecurity and the rise of agriculture within city limits. The following was written for Environmental Communication (ENV 294). Urban farming is capable not only of conserving precious green space but cultivating personal connections with neighbors and nature, too. A deep…

Editor’s Note

Fall 2021 WCR Editor’s Farewell As our former Editor-in-Chief prepares to graduate, WCR wishes her every success. Dear Washington College Review readers, Two years later and I finally logged out of the WordPress. Unpinning the Outlook mailbox, uploading my desktop folder, and forwarding the final few emails addressed to “Editor-in-Chief of WCR,” it’s all so…

Self-Portraits as Various Relatives

Senior Capstone Experience by Liane Beckley ’21 Submitted to the Department of Art & Art History: Studio Art Concentration Description:  My work is formally rooted in composition and color. It plays with conceptual boundaries within the genre of self-portraiture. . . The collection of film vignettes and their corresponding scripts, Self-Portraits as Various Relatives, are an alternative approach to…

Predicting Domestic Violence: Risk Factors and Clinical Assessments

Senior Capstone Experience by Brooke Brown ’21 Submitted to the Departments of Psychology and Biology Advised by Dr. Lauren Littlefield and Dr. Robin Van Meter Description: Due to the high prevalence of domestic violence (DV) in the United States and across the world, as well as the significant psychological and mental health issues that arise in both victims and perpetrators,…

“Unsex me here”: The Inordinate Criminalization of Female Violent Offenders in Shakespeare’s Macbeth, King Lear, and Titus Andronicus

Senior Capstone Experience by Annalie Buscarino ’21 Submitted to the Departments of English and Sociology Advised by Dr. Rachel Durso and Dr. Courtney Rydel Description: Shakespeare’s female violent offenders suffer from punishments that occur offstage, threaten their femininities, and double as criminal acts. However, interdisciplinary scholarship situates their identities in a liminal position between female embodied criminality (criminality resulting from…

On Newton Polygons

Senior Capstone Experience by Brenda Clark ’21 Submitted to the Department of Mathematics Advised by Dr. Emerald Stacy Description: In school, we are taught that there is an absolute value function, but in fact, there are an infinite number of absolute value functions. If we complete the rational numbers under the traditional absolute value function,…

A Discussion of the Ecological Impacts of Trout Stocking and a Cost-Benefit Analysis of Stocking Trout in Pennsylvania’s Class A Wild Trout Streams

Senior Capstone Experience by Willie Cosner ’21 Submitted to the Departments of Economics and Environmental Science Advised by Dr. Brian Scott Description: Trout stocking has been a means to supplement ailing freshwater systems and provide greater recreational opportunities for anglers. From this practice of stocking, non-native brown and rainbow trout have reproduced and spread throughout the many freshwater streams of…

Moonlight and Dust: the Ethereal Sister-Brides of Dracula

Senior Capstone Experience by Leah Duff ’21 Submitted to the Department of English Advised by Dr. Katherine Charles Description:  From the beginning of modern horror as a genre, Bram Stoker’s Dracula has been an essential example of the inherent homoeroticism of monster fiction. It is widely accepted in Dracula scholarship that the sexual alignment and gender expression of the…

Evaluation of the Environmental Prevalence and Toxicity of Sulfonamides and Their Metabolites

Senior Capstone Experience by Allison Gallagher ’21 Submitted to the Department of Chemistry  Advised by Dr. Leslie Sherman Description: Antibiotics are one of the most used drugs worldwide. Sulfonamides (SNs) were the first class of antibiotics discovered, and remain among the top used antibiotics, as they are commonly used in humans, agriculture, and aquaculture. Due to the heavy use of…

Analysis of the Therapeutic Potential of Essential Oils as Antimicrobial Agents

Senior Capstone Experience by Jessica Gunoskey ’21 Submitted to the Department of Biology Advised by Dr. Kathleen Verville Description:  Essential oils (EOs) have been used as homeopathic remedies throughout history, primarily as inhalants or topical treatments. Essential oils are extracted from a variety of plants as volatile metabolites with high lipophilicity. Both in vivo and in vitro trials have shown…

The Body as an Abode of Freedom: Redefining the Female Self through Angela Carter’s Nights at the Circus

Senior Capstone Experience by Nicole Hatfield ’21 Submitted to the Department of English Advised by Dr. Elizabeth O’Connor Description: Angela Carter describes Sophie Fevvers—the female protagonist of her eighth novel, Nights at the Circus (1984)—as a woman who breaks boundaries and redefines female empowerment: “What you have to do is to change the rules and make a new…

“True solace is finding none:” Grief Through the Seasons of Gretel Ehrlich’s The Solace of Open Spaces

Senior Capstone Experience by Rebecca Kanaskie ’21 Submitted to the Department of English Advised by Dr. Katherine Charles Description:  “A ‘place’ is made only by ‘slow accrual’ of births, lives, and death. A place comes about because stories and memories emerge from experience on that land” (MacDonald 501). In tandem with a research project funded by the Douglass Cater Society…

What Came Before and What Comes After XLNet

Senior Capstone Experience by Michelle Ly ’21 Submitted to the Department of Computer Science Advised by Dr. Kyle Wilson Description: This paper presents an overview of XLNet’s state-of-the-art system in the field of Natural Language Processing and specifically text generation. I look at previous language models Transformer-XL and BERT in order to understand the foundations that XLNet is built…

Friend of the Indian: The Origins and Purpose of Native American Education

Senior Capstone Experience by Alejandro Mendoza ’21 Submitted to the Department of History Advised by Dr. Carol E. Wilson Description: During the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries the United States embarked on a crusade to remove and disassociate American Indians from their land. As a result, many historians are quick to cite the brutal removal and slaughter of hundreds of…

The Effects of Mutated SOD1 on Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis and how siRNA Treatment Could Lead to a Cure

Senior Capstone Experience by Nathaniel Neuland ’21 Submitted to the Department of Chemistry Advised by Dr. James Lipchock Description: Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis (ALS), also known as Lou Gehrig’s Disease, is an incurable muscular dystrophy disease. The degradation of motor neurons and central nervous system leads to declining physical ability until the lungs are no longer…

The Fountain of Youth: Is Aging Reversible?

Senior Capstone Experience by Kylie Peets ’21 Submitted to the Department of Biology Advised by Dr. Mala Misra Description: Aging is a major risk factor for some of the most common chronic diseases, including heart disease, diabetes, Alzheimer’s, arthritis, and cancer, yet there is little emphasis on treating aging itself in the medical field. Many…